Perućica forest reserve, located within the national park, was established in 1952. Perućica, is one of the last two remaining primeval forests in Europe. It is also one of the five Strict Nature Reserves in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The forest contains trees that are 300 years old, but the primeval forest’s vintage is stated to be 20,000 years. Because of large forest growth, some parts of the forest are almost impregnable.
The park is also famous as being the location of the Battle of the Sutjeska. Here, brave Partisan army were victorious over the German occupying forces led by Josip Broz Tito. Partisans lost one third of their men during the battle. To honor the battle Yugoslav cinematography made a movie with famous Richard Barton as the role of Tito.
Several large Partisan’s Memorial stone monuments commemorate this event. Monuments are situated at the northern edge of the park at on the way to primeval Perucica forest reserve.