Short Herzegovina history:
Herzegovina is the southern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. While there is no official border distinguishing it from the Bosnian geographical region, it is sometimes asserted that the borders of the region are Dalmatia to the southwest, Montenegro to the east, Mount Maglić to the northeast, and Mount Ivan to the north. The name Herzegovina means ‘land of the Herzeg’; it comes from the medieval duchy of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, who took the title Herceg [duke].
Herzegovina tour is the most popular tour that you can find when you’re visiting this country. It’s includes so many beautiful landmarks and amazing landscapes with unspoiled nature. On your Herzegovina tour you go on a Mostar tour which is the most popular tour in this region. You can also go on Mostar tour, Blagaj tour and Kravice tour and many others just to have an amazing historical and nature experience.
Things to do and to see in Herzegovina region:
In Herzegovina there are many beautiful and well-known natural landmarks, such as the falls of Kravica. These consist of several waterfalls near the city of Ljubuški and a popular spot for the local people, to take a bath in the hot Herzegovinian weather, or just to enjoy the view. Kravica waterfall, often erroneously called Kravice, is a large tufa cascade on the Trebižat River, in the karstic heartland of Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is 10 kilometres (6 mi) south of Ljubuški and 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Mostar. Its height is about 25 metres (80 ft) and the radius of the lake in the base of the waterfall is 120 metres (390 ft). Kravica is a popular swimming and picnic area and, during the summer, it is frequently visited by tourists from Mostar, Medjugorje and Dubrovnik. On your Kravice tour you can enjoy these beauties and also there is an option for a boat trip on Trebizat river.
The Hutovo blato is a bird reserve, one of the most important in Europe and a gathering place for many international ornithologists. The valley along the last 30 km of the Neretva River, and the river itself, comprise a remarkable landscape. Downstream from the confluence of its tributaries, the Trebižat and Bregava rivers, the valley spreads into an alluvial fan covering 20,000 hectares. The upper valley, the 7,411 hectares in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is called Hutovo Blato. This Herzegovina tour it for the ones who love to explore more and especially it’s very famous for nature photographers.
Vjetrenica cave is a cave system near the border with Croatia, in the Ravno municipality. The cave has not been explored totally yet, but it is open to visitors. More and more species are being discovered there and it is a unique ecosystem with cave animals and other interesting things. Vjetrenica is located in Popovo Polje (pronounced meaning priest’s field, where polje stands for karstic plain), which is itself located in a southernmost regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, West Herzegovina, near the Adriatic coast. Its entrance is near the village of Zavala, in west – south-western corner of Popovo Polje. In the warmer parts of the year a strong blast of cold air blows from its entrance, which is very attractive in the middle of the rocky, hot and waterless terrain. This Herzegovina tour is one of the most interesting ones, because of the mystery of the cave and it’s very unique interior. Vjetrenica on our Hercegovina tour is really for ones who appreciate it’s best in the nature.
Blagaj is also known as the origin of the Buna River, inside a cave system. Blagaj is a village-town in the south-eastern region of the Mostar basin, in the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It stands at the edge of Bišće plain and is one of the most valuable mixed urban and rural structures in Bosnia and Herzegovina, distinguished from other similar structures in its urban layout. Blagaj is situated at the spring of the Buna river and a historical tekke (tekija or Dervish monastery). The Blagaj Tekija was built around 1520, with elements of Ottoman architecture and Mediterranean style and is considered a national monument. Blagaj Tekke is a monastery built for the Dervish cults.On our Blagaj tour you can enjoy beautiful river Buna and visit the oldest monument in our country the Dervish Tekke (House).
Mostar is situated on the Neretva River and is the fifth-largest city in the country. Mostar was named after the bridge keepers (mostari) who in the medieval times guarded the Stari Most (Old Bridge) over the Neretva. The Old Bridge, built by the Ottomans in the 16th century, is one of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s most visited landmarks, and is considered an exemplary piece of Islamic architecture in the Balkans. The oldest single arch stone bridge in Mostar, the Kriva Cuprija (“Sloping Bridge”), was built in 1558 by the Ottoman architect Cejvan Kethoda. It is said that this was to be a test before the major construction of the Stari Most began. The Old Bridge was completed in 1566 and was hailed as one of the greatest architectural achievement in the Ottoman controlled Balkans. This single-arch stone bridge is an exact replica of the original bridge that stood for over 400 years and that was designed by Hajrudin, a student of the great Ottoman architect Sinan. It spans 28.7 metres (94 feet) of the Neretva river, 21 metres (69 feet) above the summer water level. The Halebija and Tara towers have always housed the guardians of the bridge and during Ottoman times were also used as storehouses for ammunition.
Visit Mostar and it’s beautiful Old Town. On your Mostar tour the most famous monument in the whole Herzegovina region is the Old Bridge. You just can’t go on a Herzegovina tour a miss a visit to Mostar as one of the most precious Herzegovinian pearls.
Neum at the Adriatic Sea, Bosnia and Herzegovina’s only coastal town, is also a popular tourist attraction. As the only coastal resort in the entire country, no visit to Neum would be complete without taking a cruise or boat trip down the coast. You will see many of the same islands that one sees on a boat trip from Dubrovnik, but for a fraction of the price. The water here is so enticing that you will most likely have a hard time staying in the boat – opting to dive into the inviting waters instead. During the summer you can either join a cruise of the coast or opt to rent your own boat if that suits you better.
The name Medjugorje literally means “between mountains”. At an altitude of 200 m (660 ft) above sea level it has a mild Mediterranean climate. The town consists of an ethnically homogeneous Croat population of 2,306. The Roman Catholic parish (local administrative and religious area) consists of five neighbouring villages: Medjugorje, Bijakovići, Vionica, Miletina and Šurmanci. Medjugorje has one of the most visited sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina, receiving more than one million visitors each year.
Statue of Virgin Mary at Podbrdo, place of apparition
Since 1981, when six local children said they had seen visions of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Medjugorje has become an unapproved destination of Catholic pilgrimage.”Our Lady of Medjugorje” is the title given to the apparition by those who believe that Mary, mother of Jesus, has been appearing from 24 June 1981 until today to six children, now adults, in Medjugorje (then part of communist Yugoslavia). “Most Blessed Virgin Mary”, “Queen of Peace” and “Mother of God” are words the apparition has allegedly introduced herself with.The visionary Marija Lunetti (Pavlović) claims to receive messages from the Virgin Mary on the twenty-fifth of every month, while Mirjana Soldo (Dragičević) reports receiving messages on the second of the month.The messages attributed to Our Lady of Medjugorje have a strong following among Catholics worldwide. Medjugorje has become one of the most popular pilgrimage sites for Catholics in the world and has turned into Europe’s third most important apparition site, where each year more than 1 million people visit. It has been estimated that 30 million pilgrims have come to Medjugorje since the reputed apparitions began in 1981. This Herzegovina tour to Medjugorje is also one of the most popular tours in our country, for people who want to see and feel the blessings of the Virgin Mary and to make their believe even stronger.
In Herzegovina you can also taste:
Award winning olive oil
While you might not associate Bosnia and Herzegovina with the production of olive oil, there are in fact many award-winning olive growers in the region. Some of these local producers have been so successful in their home country that they now travel to neighbouring countries such as Croatia to attend fairs and competitions and still manage to take away the top prizes.
The Livno cheese is a cheese first produced in the 19th century in the area of Livno, Bosnia and Herzegovina on the basis of French technology of making the Gruyère cheese. Originally, it was made from sheep’s milk and nowadays it is mainly made from a mixture of sheep’s and cow’s milk. Its maturation period is between 60 and 66 days in a controlled environment. The flavor is robust, and in more aged cheeses the taste is slightly tangy. The largest producers are Mljekara Livno and Lura Dairy d.o.o. Livno, with a yearly production exceeding 500 metric tons. While you are on your Herzegovina tour, you can’t miss the opportunity not to try Livno cheese as one of the best cheese in the whole country.
The best wine is in Trebinje:
During the summer, Herzegovinian climate provides intense sunlight and hot summer days, these give the ideal conditions for wine grape growth. Whereas winters are harsh and wet with northern bora wind during most of the winter days. Herzegovina is one of the world’s most productive regions in terms of wine. Famous for its white wine Zilavka and red wine Vranac.
Zilavka (white wine)
It is not easy to discover the origin of this wine’s name, which is said to refer to the thin fibers visible on the grapes in the period of full maturity. What is certain is that the word Žilavka is often preceded by the attribute “Herzegovina”, to put an emphasis on the territory where this special and old variety of grapes is grown. The hard ground is also associated with the origin of its name, which means “tough”.
Vranac (Red wine)
This grapevine variety was introduced into the area of south Herzegovina, or more precisely, the area of Trebinje, during the era of Austro-Hungarian Empire and the origin of its name clearly indicates the characteristics of the wine. The word “vran” means black and is used in the South Slavic languages to indicate red wine (red wines here are referred to as “black wines”). The name “Vranac” which means “black horse” was deliberately given to this wine to indicate the red grapes, but above all to highlight the strength, the power and intensity of this wine whose flavor is hard to classify.
Most known wineries in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina There’s no family business like the wine business in Trebinje. Today in Trebinje, there are about 20 registered commercial wineries. Just like other Herzegovina specialties for ones who love to enjoy highest quality of wine in the whole country, this is the right place. While you are having a lunch break from your Herzegovina tour you can also taste the best from the best.